Man may be known to use race horses for racing since this specie was first domesticated. Historical evidences uncover that as early as 4500 BC, the actual nomadic people of Central Asia has already developed techniques of horse racing. In fact, the Greeks are known to have incorporated horse racing in the Olympics since 638 BC.
Both the chariot horse racing and also the mounted horse racing were well-liked during these ages. These later on grew to become an obsession among Romans when they have adopted the sport.
For thousand of years that followed, this kind of sports was known to be performed only for the noble men and royalties.
Contemporary racing is believed to have started in the 12th century when the first breeding between Arabian and English horses were made. They were sparred by the return of the noble knights in combat to the mother land after the Crusades. They are known to have produced sturdy race horses with excellent pace. Thus, breeders maximized the potentiality of a racehorse as well as put them into tracks. This breed is the Thoroughbred that we know of these days which is still the most popular breed in the United Kingdom.
King Charles II had been known to have held horse races in his private courses during 1660 to 1685.
Through the 16th century, the English had been known to make a quantity of racecourses. Queen Anne who founded the Ascot in 1711 is known to have made horse racing an official sport.
Halfway in 1700ï¿½s, the Jockey Club was made through the initiation of the elite figures involved with horse racing. This particular business was the first legion of jockeys that established the comprehensive rules and regulations including the requirements as covered by the actual sports. Thus, they became the overseers of the sports and sanctioned horse racing occasions.
The Jockey Club was also the actual initiator for the legislation of breeding among race horses. Thus, James Weatherby, an accountant of the Jockey Club during those times, traced back the family lines of all racing breeds in England. His researches brought forth the book of the General Stud Book, which was essentially, the basis of authority in terms of the breeds that may be put to race. According to the General Stud Book, only individuals pedigrees that have descended from the line of the “foundations sires” are thought as Thoroughbreds. The building blocks sires are the: Byerley Turk, Darley Arabian as well as Godolphin Arabian.
Only in 17th century did the activity arrive in America for which the very first racetrack was seen in the Long Island. While it has become a favorite activity among Americans, no one initiated the formalization of horse racing until after the Civil War. Due to the already-established obsession plus the industrial development, as well as widespread gambling on horse races, the activity grew largely by the year 1890 when 314 operating tracks are considered to be on regular operation in the country.
Due to the lack of a governing body, this activity had become purely dominated by criminal elements. In 1894 though, the most prominent and high-ranking stable owners met and organized the American Jockey Club which was patterned on the system as used by the actual Jockey Club in England.
Nowadays the sport has reached various countries across the globe. Governing bodies were also formed to regulate the horse racing occasions.